History of Somnath Temple
India is a holy land, there are many such religious and holy pilgrimage sites established here, which have their own different religious importance and the faith of millions of people is attached to them, while one of them is Somnath, located near Prabhas Patan in the Veraval port of Gujarat state.
This temple is one of the main pilgrimage sites of Hinduism. Let us tell you that this famous pilgrimage is located at such a place where there is no part of the land in a straight line between Somnath sea till Antarctica. This shrine is believed to be the first of the 12 Jyotirlingas of Lord Shiva. Many religious and mythological stories are associated with the construction of this temple. It is believed that this temple was built by Chandradev Somraj himself, whose description is also found in Rigveda.
Due to the rich and very luxurious of Somnath temple, this temple was demolished many times by Muslim invaders and Portuguese and it has also been rebuilt many times. On the other hand, the attack on this temple by Mahmud Ghaznavi is quite popular in history.
In the year 1026, Mahmud Ghaznavi attacked the Somnath temple and not only looted the immeasurable property of the temple and destroyed the temple but also took thousands of lives. After this it was rebuilt by King Bhima of Gujarat and Raja Bhoj of Malwa. The process of reconstruction and destruction of Somnath temple continued for many years. At the same time, the Somnath temple which is located in Gujarat was built by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, former Home Minister of India and Iron Man.
The present Somnath temple has been rebuilt in ancient Hindu architecture and Chalukya style, while according to many folklores, Lord Krishna left his body in this holy shrine.
The history of Somnath temple was a symbol of rise and fall
Situated in Prabhas Patan near Veraval port in Saurashtra on the west coast of Gujarat, this temple has been a symbol of rise and fall in history. In ancient times, the Somnath temple was attacked and demolished several times by the Muslims and the Portuguese, and it has also been built many times by the Hindu rulers.
Let us tell you that the Somnath temple was in existence even before 1 BC, it is believed that it was built for the second time in about 7th century by some Maitric emperors of Vallabhi. After this, in the 8th century, in about 725 AD, the Arabic governor of Sindh, Al-Junayd, attacked and demolished this magnificent Somnath temple.
After which it was built for the third time in 815 AD, this holy shrine of Hindus Somnath temple was built by Gurr Pratihar King Nagabhatta, he built this using red stones. However, there is no concrete evidence of the attack on the Somnath temple by Al-Junayd, the Arabic governor of Sindh.
After this, in 1024 AD, Mahmud Ghaznavi attacked this very magnificent Somnath temple. It is said that, Al-Biruni, an Arab traveler who visited India, described the grandeur and richness of the Somnath temple in his travelogue, after which Mahmud Ghaznavi, with the intention of plundering this temple, attacked this temple with about 5000 of his companions. Along with it was attacked.
In this attack Mahmud Ghaznavi not only looted the property worth crores of the temple, damaged the Shivling and destroyed the idols, but also took the lives of thousands of innocent people in this attack. The painful attack by Mahmud Ghaznavi on the Somnath temple is also very famous in history.
After Ghaznavi’s attack on Somnath temple, it was rebuilt for the fourth time by King Bhoj of Malwa and Emperor Bhimdev. Then in 1093 AD, Siddharaj Jai Singh also contributed to the prestige and construction of this temple.
In 1168 AD, Vijayeshwara Kumarapala and Emperor Khangar of Saurashtra insisted on the beautification of this temple. However, after this, Nursat Khan, the general of Sultan Alauddin Khilji of Delhi, established his rule over Gujarat in 1297 AD on the Somnath temple and during this time he destroyed this holy shrine. Along with this, the iconic Shivling of the temple was broken and looted fiercely.
After this, the process of rise and fall of this temple continued continuously. In 1395 AD, this holy shrine was looted by the Sultan of Gujarat, Muzaffar Shah, and then in 1413 AD his son Ahmed Shah ransacked this temple and caused destruction.
After this, the Mughal ruler Aurangzeb of history attacked this temple twice during his reign. He made the first attack in 1665 AD while the second attack in 1706 AD. In the second attack, Aurangzeb not only ransacked this temple and looted it fiercely but also got many people killed.
After this, when the Marathas established their authority over most of India, then in 1783 AD, the Maratha queen Ahilyabai of Indore built another temple of Somnath Mahadev ji for worship at a distance from the original temple of Somnath ji. Got the construction done.
At the same time, this present temple located in Gujarat was built by the former Home Minister of India, Late Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. After which in the year 1951, the first President of the country, Shri Rajendra Prasad ji, established the Jyotirlinga in the Somnath temple.
Then, in the year 1962, this holy pilgrimage of Hindus dedicated to Lord Shiva was completed completely. After this, on 1 December 1995, former President of India Shankar Dayal Sharma dedicated this holy shrine to the general public of the nation and now this temple has become the center of faith of millions of people.
Mythological and religious story related to Somnath temple
According to religious scriptures and texts, Somnath temple, one of the most important pilgrimage centers of India, was established by Chandradev himself i.e. Soma God, a very ancient and popular religious story is also associated with this temple. According to which Chandradev means moon or else. Soma Dev had married all the 27 daughters of King Daksha Prajapati.
Rohini was the most beautiful of all the wives of Chandradev, so Chandra loved her the most. At the same time, when Emperor Daksha Prajapati had seen discrimination against his own daughters, then he first tried to convince Chandradev.
But it had no effect on the moon, after which King Daksha cursed Chandradev to become ‘decayed’ after seeing his other daughters being unhappy and said that their luster and brightness would end slowly, after which Chandradeva King Daksha He became very sad due to the curse of Lord Shiva and then he started worshiping Lord Shiva harshly.
After this, Lord Shiva was pleased with the harsh penance of Chandradev and not only gave him the boon of immortality, but also freed him from the curse of King Daksha, and also said that the brightness of the moon will be less in the Krishna Paksha, while Their brightness will increase in Shukla Paksha.
That is, Lord Shiva said to the moon god that for 15 days his brightness would go on decreasing, while for 15 days his brightness would start increasing and he would continue to get full moon on every full moon. Freed from the curse of King Daksha, Chandradev worshiped Lord Shiva to reside at this place in Gujarat with Mother Parvati, after which Lord Shiva accepted the worship of his beloved devotee Chandradev and he worshiped Mother Parvati in the form of Jyotirlinga. Coming here and living together.
After that, in the holy Prabhas area, Chandradev i.e. Somraj built this grand Somnath temple of Lord Shiva here. Whose glory and fame is spread all over the world. At the same time, the glory of Somnath-Jyotirlinga has also been mentioned in the famous epics of Hindu religion, Shrimad Bhagwat, Mahabharata and Skanda Purana etc. Along with this this temple has also been mentioned in Rigveda.
It is believed that the mere sight of this famous Jyotirlinga of Lord Shiva removes all the sorrows and pains of the devotees and by worshiping Lord Somnath, the devotees get cured of tuberculosis or leprosy.
Along with this, according to other folktales, Lord Krishna was resting at Bhaluka shrine at this holy place, when a hunter mistook the footprint on the soles of his feet as the eyes of a deer and hunted him by deceit, after which Lord Shri Krishna took his own life here. Leaving his body, he went to Baikunth. Therefore, a very attractive and beautiful temple of Shri Krishna ji is also built in the premises of this temple.
Amazing architecture and royal architecture of Somnath Temple – Somnath Temple Architecture This holy pilgrimage site of Hindus Somnath temple has been reconstructed in Chalukya style at present. Along with this, it is also considered a rare specimen of ancient Hindu architecture.
The unique architecture and magnificent architecture of this temple attracts people towards it. On the south side of this temple there are attractive pillars, which are called Banastambha, while an arrow has been placed on this pillar, which shows that there is no part of the earth between this holy Somnath temple and South Pole. is not part.
This first Jyotirlinga Somnath of Lord Shiva is divided into three parts, which include the sanctum sanctorum, Nrityamandapa and Sabhamandapa of the temple. The height of its summit is about 150 feet. The Kalash situated on this famous temple weighs about 10 tons, while its flag is 27 feet high.
This temple is spread over a vast area of about 10 km, in which there are about 42 temples. There is a wonderful confluence of three rivers Deer, Saraswati, and Kapila, where devotees take a holy dip. The idols of Parvati, Lakshmi, Ganga, Saraswati, and Nandi are enshrined in this temple. A very beautiful idol of Ahalyeshwar is installed above the Shivling in the upper part of this holy shrine.
A very beautiful Ganesh ji temple is situated in the premises of Somnath temple as well as the idol of Aghorling has been installed outside the north gate. There is a lake named Gaurikund in this holy pilgrimage site of Hindus and a Shivling is established near the lake.
Apart from this, a very beautiful and huge temple of Mata Ahilyabai and Mahakali has been built in the premises of this grand Somnath temple.
Interesting and interesting things related to Somnath temple
This Somnath temple, associated with the faith of millions of people, is earlier known as Prabhas Kshetra or Prabhaspatan. Lord Krishna left his body at this place.
To the south of the Somnath temple located in Gujarat, there is a pillar on the sea side, on which it has been shown by placing an arrow that there is no piece of land between the Somnath temple and the South Pole.
The Shivling located in this famous temple dedicated to Lord Shiva has radioactive properties, which maintains its equilibrium above the earth very well.
Due to this temple being very splendid and prosperous, it was demolished and built several times. The incident of looting on this temple by Mahmud Ghaznavi is very famous in history. It is believed that only after this this temple became famous all over the world.
It is believed that the Deoddhar kept in Agra belongs to the Somnath temple, which Mahmud Ghaznavi had robbed with him.
There is a 1-hour light show in this temple every night, which is from 7:30 to 8:30 in the evening, in this show the history of Hindus is shown.
There is great importance of performing Shradh in the month of Kartik, Chaitra and Bhadra in Somnath temple, in these three months a large number of devotees come here for darshan.
In view of security, Muslims have to take special permission to visit this temple, only after that they are allowed to enter here.
At a distance of about 200 km from the Somnath temple, there is the city of Dwarka, where people come from far and wide to visit Dwarkadhish.
Somnath ji, located in Prabhas Patan near Veraval port of Gujarat, is the first Jyotirlinga among the 12 major Jyotirlingas of India, after its establishment the next Jyotirlinga was established in Rameshwaram, Dwarka and Varanasi.
Somnath ji’s temple is arranged and maintained by the Somnath Trust, the government has arranged for the income of the temple by giving land, gardens, etc. to the trust.
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