Amazing facts of Mosquitoes

  • Mosquito is a Spanish word for “little fly”. The term came into existence in the early 16th century.
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  • Mosquitoes are called “mozzies” in Africa, New Zealand and Australia.
  • Mosquitoes have been on this earth since the time of dinosaurs. They also existed in the Triassic period between 251 million and 199 million years ago.
  • In 2013, researchers discovered the fossils of two mosquitoes in the shell of a mountain range in Montana, US, and found that those prehistoric mosquitoes have minimal differences from modern mosquitoes today.
  • There are more than 3500 species of mosquitoes in the world. About 175 of these species are found in the United States, with the most common being Anopheles quadrimaculatus, Culex pipiens, Aedes aegypti, and Aedes albopictus. The Anopheles mosquito is the carrier of malaria. The other three species cause different forms of encephalitis.
  • Iceland is the only country in the world where mosquitoes are not found.
  • Mosquitoes are 16 millimeters long and weigh 2.5 grams.
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  • Most adult female mosquitoes weigh about 1/15,000 ounces or about 2.0 milligrams.
  • The largest known species of mosquito is Toxorhynchites, also known as ‘Elephant Mosquito’. It has a length of 18 mm (0.71 in) and a wingspan of 24 mm (0.94 in).
  • You will be surprised to know that the mosquitoes that bite us are not males, but only female mosquitoes. Male mosquitoes never bite. Both male and female mosquitoes obtain their food mainly by drinking fruit and plant sap. But the female needs the protein present in the blood to develop the egg. That’s why she bites. Once completely filled with blood, she rests for a few days before laying eggs.
  • Mosquitoes have weak vision. They are able to see people wearing dark clothes more easily than people wearing light colored clothes.
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  • Mosquitoes do not have teeth. Female mosquitoes bite using a long and pointed mouthpart called a proboscis. Through the proboscis, they work to pierce the skin and locate the capillary. Then the blood is drawn through one of the two tubes.
  • Mosquitoes suck 0.001 to 0.1 ml of blood from one of their stings.
  • Mosquitoes can drink blood up to 3 times their own weight.
  • In order to suck the whole blood of a human body, the mosquito will have to bite that person about 1.2 million times.
  • The average flying speed of mosquitoes is 1 to 1.5 mph. Thus its flying speed is very less. If a competition is conducted between all flying creatures, almost every other competitor will defeat the mosquito, whether it is a butterfly, grasshopper or a bee.
  • Most mosquitoes can only fly up to 2-3 miles. Some varieties, such as the Asian tiger mosquito, can only fly up to 100 yards.
  • Mosquitoes cannot fly high. Most mosquitoes can only fly up to 25 feet. However, the Asiatic tiger mosquito is one of the tallest fliers, which can fly up to 40 feet above the ground.
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  • A mosquito flaps its wings 300-600 times per second. This is the reason that before the mosquito bites, he makes the sound of mumbling.
  • Mosquitoes can mate even while flying.
  1. Female mosquitoes can lay about 300 eggs at a time. These eggs are laid in a place where there is stagnant water or where water seeps regularly. Female mosquitoes can lay eggs up to 3 times in their lifetime.

2. Mosquito Life Cycle has 4 stages – egg, larva, pupa and adult mosquito.

3. Mosquitoes spend their first 10 days in water after birth. Water is necessary for the eggs to become larvae, which are called wigglers. Mosquito eggs turn into larvae in 5 days. Mosquito larvae are aquatic creatures. They consume organic matter in stagnant water and obtain oxygen from the surface.

4. Larvae develop into pupae in 5 days. The pupae do not feed and remain partially inside the cocoon.

5. The pupa turns into flying adult mosquitoes in just 2-3 days.

6. Only two days after becoming an adult, the female mosquito is able to bite its first victim.

7. Even after adulthood, most mosquitoes remain close to their breeding ground, although some travel up to 20 miles to find their prey.

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8. Mosquitoes are cold blooded creatures. They like to live in temperatures above 80 degrees. They hibernate at temperatures below 50 degrees, ie they go into hibernation.

9. The average lifespan of mosquitoes is less than two months. Male mosquitoes have the shortest lifespan, usually 20 days or less. The lifespan of female mosquitoes is about 6 to 8 weeks under ideal conditions. Females lay eggs every three days during that time. The female species, which hibernate, can live up to 6 months.

10. Mosquitoes detect carbon dioxide (CO2) from 75 feet away. Carbon dioxide emitted by humans and other animals is an important signal to mosquitoes that their prey is nearby.

11. Mosquitoes are more likely to bite people of “O” blood group and pregnant women. According to the study, pregnant women and tall individuals emit more carbon dioxide and have a higher body temperature, which helps mosquitoes to detect them.

12. According to a research, those who drink beer are also bitten by mosquitoes more than other people.

13. The smell of sweat attracts mosquitoes. That’s why mosquitoes bite the person who sweats more.

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14. Mosquitoes also recognize the smell of humans. They know whether they have encountered that person before or not.

15. Mosquitoes are also fast in terms of memory. According to a research, if you try to kill a mosquito, then that mosquito will not hang around you for 24 hours.

16. Not every mosquito bites humans. Some mosquitoes avoid biting humans. For example, Culiseta melanura rarely bites humans. It mainly bites birds, another species of mosquito Uranotaenia sapphirina bites reptiles and amphibians.

17. Mosquitoes are the deadliest creatures on earth. Mosquitoes cause more deaths on earth than any other animal. Mosquitoes are carriers of many life-threatening diseases including malaria, dengue fever, yellow fever, Zika and encephalitis. Mosquitoes are also carriers of heartworm, which is fatal to dogs.

18. In the world, about 250 million people are infected with malaria every year and about one million people die from this disease, mostly children from Africa. About a fifth of these deaths are due to counterfeit anti-malarial drugs.

19. J. M. Meigen, a German entomologist, first described Anopheles as a genus of mosquito. Of its approximately 460 recognized species, over 100 can transmit malaria. There is a misconception among people that malaria is caused by virus or bacteria. Whereas it is actually caused by a parasite called Plasmodium.

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20. Dengue virus originated from monkeys and not from mosquitoes. 800 years ago, the dengue virus originated in monkeys and spread to humans. When a dengue-infected human is bitten by female mosquitoes and drinks their blood, then they also get infected. Then they transmit this virus by biting another person.

  • There have been more deaths from mosquitoes in the world than from wars. About 150 million to 1 billion people have died in wars throughout human history. Whereas 52 billion people have died so far due to diseases borne by mosquitoes.
  • If all the mosquitoes of the earth are killed and collected in a field, then a heap 5 km high will form.
  • Not all mosquitoes come out only in the evening; The Asian Tiger Mosquito is known to bite between 10 am and 3 pm.
  • Mosquitoes hate the wind. Since they only weigh 2.5 mg and are relatively weak to fly. So a little wind is enough to blow them away. Sleeping with a fan on at night is the best defense against these deadly creatures.
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  • Mosquitoes run away from the smell of basil leaves, lavender, marigold flowers and garlic.
  • ​​If all the mosquitoes of the earth are killed and collected in a field, then a heap of 5 km high will form.
  • Mosquitoes also recognize the smell of humans. They know whether they have encountered that person before or not.
  • According to a research, those who drink beer are also bitten by mosquitoes more than other people.
  • Mosquitoes are also fast in the matter of memory. According to a research, if you try to kill a mosquito, then that mosquito will not hang around you for 24 hours.
  • In order to suck the whole blood of a human body, the mosquito will have to bite that person about 1.2 million times.
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