The statue has been built in honor of the Iron Man of India, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the first Home Minister of independent India. He was responsible for uniting all the 562 princely states of the country to form the Republic of India.
This statue is so big that it has broken the records of all the statues of the world. Let us know in this post 27 special things of ‘Statue of Unity’.
On the 143rd birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Prime Minister Narendra Modi unveiled the Statue of Unity – a bronze statue of India’s first Home Minister, credited with uniting 562 princely states in pre-independent India to form the Republic of India Are being given.
First announced on 7 October 2010 by Modi when he was the Chief Minister of Gujarat, the foundation of the project was laid on 31 October 2013.
Designed by Padma Bhushan recipient sculptor Ram V Sutar, the construction of the statue began on 31 October 2014.
The state government fully funded the Rs 3,050 crore project, which covers an area of 20,000 square meters and is surrounded by 12 square kilometer artificial lake.
Interesting facts about Statue of Unity
- The Statue of Unity is a huge statue of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel built on the banks of the Narmada River in the state of Gujarat, India. Sardar Vallabbhai Patel is also called the Iron Man of India and he was also the first planetary minister of independent India.
- This statue is built on an island of river Narmada, the name of this island is Sadhu Bet.
- Statue of Unity is named Statue of Unity because Sardar Vallabbhai Patel after independence; More than 560 Indian princely states were formed in the form of India.
- A special purpose committee was formed by the Gujarat government for the construction of this statue; Whose name was Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Integration Trust. The work of this committee was to oversee the construction work of the statue.
- The Statue of Unity is twice as tall as the Statue of Liberty in America and five times that of Brazil’s Christ the Redeemer; The length of the Statue of Liberty is 93 meters while the Statue of Unity is 182 meters.
- This statue is situated at a distance of 3.5 km from Sardar Sarovar Dam on the Narmada River in Gujarat.
- The length of the Statue of Unity is so much that it can be seen even from a distance of 7 kilometers.
- The total weight of this statue is 1700 tons, its foot height is 80 feet and arm height is 70 feet; shoulder height is 140 feet and face height is 70 feet.
- Statue of Unity was built by Larsen & Toubro Company under the supervision of Ram and Sutar.
- Ram and Sutar is an Indian sculptor who was awarded the Padma Shri in 1999 and Padma Bhusan in 2016 by the Government of India.
- About 3000 have been spent in the construction of this statue. The foundation stone of the Statue of Unity was laid on 31 October 2013, the 138th anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, when PM Narendra Modi was the Chief Minister of Gujarat.
- The construction of the Statue of Unity was divided into two parts. In which the first part was to be laid and in the second part the statue was to be erected.
- The foundation of this statue was placed at a depth of 45 meters, so 15 floors of the building had to go down for the worship of the land.
- At the time of construction of Statue of Unity, special care had to be taken that it could withstand strong wind pressure as this statue is situated on the banks of river Narmada. Wind tunnel effect can be created by the wind blowing over the river.
- Two legs of this statue have been used as core wall, the height of core wall is 152 meters. Core wall is a technique used in the construction of high-rise buildings.
- Statue of Unity uses M65 grade concrete; M65 means that this concrete has a strength of 65 Mega Pascal. While the cement used in normal buildings is of M20 grade.
- 5700 metric tons i.e. about 57 lakh kg of structural steel has been used to make the Statue of Unity. Along with this, 18500 metric ton rods have also been installed in it. 2 crore 25 lakh kg of cement has been used to make the statue.
- 12000 brass panels have been used to make this statue; whose weight is 1850 tons, these brass panels have come from China.
- In the construction of the statue, 250 engineers and more than 4000 laborers worked in two shifts. Along with Indian laborers, Chinese laborers have also worked for the construction of the Statue of Unity. 200 employees from China were involved in the construction of the Statue of Unity.
- It took 33 months to build and the statue was inaugurated by the Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi on 31 October 2018 on the 143rd anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.
- Statue of Unity holds the record for the tallest statue in the world after its inauguration. Before the Statue of Unity, the world’s tallest statue was held by the Spring Temple of Buddha, China, which is 153 meters high.
- For the construction of the Statue of Unity, the Bharatiya Janata Party had also launched a campaign to collect iron in the whole country. Under this campaign, about 135 metric tonnes of tools were collected from more than one lakh seventy nine thousand villages of India.
- This statue can stand still in strong wind of 180 km and can also tolerate earthquake of 6.5 magnitude. Duct tile detailing has also been done in the statue to protect it from earthquake.
- A lift has also been installed in this statue; This lift goes to the upper part of the Statue of Unity and from that the view of Narmada river can be seen.
- This statue of Sardar Vallabbhai Patel has been made by modern techniques, four metals have been used to make the Statue of Unity and it will not rust for years. 85 percent copper has been used in the Statue of Unity.
- Along with this statue, a Valley of Flowers has been built in 250 acres. More than a hundred types of flower plants have been planted in the Valley of Flowers.
- Along with the Statue of Unity, there is also a museum where information about the various roles of Sardar Vallabhai Patel will be given. There is also a hall in the upper part of the statue which can accommodate 200 people at a time.
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