Amazing facts of Paper

  • The first paper factory was set up in Lucknow in 1879.
  • A government factory was built in Nepanagar of Madhya Pradesh to make newsprint and paper for printing notes in Hoshangabad.
  • Let us tell you that almost all the processes of the world start with paper, paper plays both the role of “beginning and ending” in the development of individual and society.
  • The art of paper-making was first introduced in 105 AD by a person named ‘Ta-Sai-Lun’ in the royal court of Ho-Tish, the main ruler of the Han Dynasty affiliated to the Imperial Court of China.
  • After the discovery of paper in China, the first signs of paper manufacturing and use in India came from the Indus Valley Civilization.
  • Alberuni has clearly stated that paper was invented by the Chinese.
  • Do you know that the paper industry in India started in the Mughal period when the first paper mill was established in Kashmir by the Sultan of Kashmir, Zainul Abidin.
  • The first paper producing mill was established in 1870 at a place called ‘Bali’ on the banks of the Hooghly river near Calcutta.
  • Per capita paper consumption in India is 7.2 kg which is very less as compared to other countries.
  • Do you know that in India this industry provides employment to more than 0.12 lakh people directly and 0.34 lakh people indirectly.
  • The total turnover of the paper industry in the Eleventh Five Year Plan was Rs 17,000 crore and the national contribution of the Government of India is Rs 2500 crore.
  • The object which is made by joining together the fibers of cellulose in the form of a uniform thin sheet is called paper.
  • Paper is made from trees and grass. Paper is also made from cotton or torn old cloth because trees or plants contain cellulose which is a carbohydrate substance.
  • Do you know that tree trunk is used to make paper like cedar, poplar, bamboo banquet, etc.
  • Cellulose found in plants is not pure because it contains lignin and pectin, salt minerals etc.
  • Cotton is considered the best source of cellulose but paper is not made from it because it is very expensive and mainly used for making cloth. Paper is made from trees.
  • The trunk of the tree is cut into small pieces by means of machines. After this, these pieces of wood are boiled by mixing them with water and bleach and chemicals are added to the pulp made from which paper is prepared.
  • New paper can be made from old paper.

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